St. Vincent Election petition dismissed

Justice Stanley John

Acting High Court Judge Justice Stanley John on Thursday dismissed the two petitions filed by candidates for the main opposition New Democratic Party (NDP), in the December 2015 general elections.

Lauron “Sharer” Baptiste and Benjamin “Ben” Exeter were challenging the victories of the ruling Unity Labour Party’s (ULP) candidates Montegomery Daniel and Sir Louis Straker respectively.

In dismissing the petitions, Justice John said that while many issues had been raised during the trial, the only evidence he had found was of partiality towards the ULP’s candidate by the returning officer for Central Leeward, Winston Gaymes.

In the summary of his judgement which Justice John read in court on Thursday, he said some of the important questions raised by the case are:

  • Were the ballot boxes used in the conduct of the election in compliance with the law? Were ballot papers pre-printed with the official mark?
  • Were Form 16 statements of poll provided at the final count for all polling stations?
  • After voting, did voters fold the ballot paper in such a manner that the initials of the presiding officer and the official mark became visible only upon opening the ballot?
  • Did the Supervisor of Elections provide polling lists for the constituencies of Central Leeward and North Windward to the candidates in accordance with the established practice?
  • Was there evidence of breach of secrecy?
  • Was there evidence of partiality?
  • Was there a failure on the part of the respondent to provide a proper paper trail for the form 16 statement of the poll?

“All these issues were canvassed during the trial and save for evidence of partiality, the court has found no evidence to support them,” Justice John said.

“It therefore follows and the court is satisfied that the issues conducted in Central Leeward and North Windward were conducted substantially in accordance with the laws as to elections in the State of St. Vincent and the Grenadines and the acts and omissions of the presiding officers and the returning officers were not such, either separately or collectively to affects the final result of the result of the elections.”

He declared that both Daniel and Sir Louis were validly returned as Members of Parliament for North Windward and Central Leeward.

The court also ordered that the petitioners pay the respondents costs –  to be assessed, if not agreed.

He said that in the North Windward and Central Leeward case, the court had carefully analysed the evidence of each of the witnesses, particularly of the two petitioners.

Justice John said that the court had noted with a level of disquiet the finding of the Organisation of American State’s electoral observation mission regarding the partiality of returning offier Winston Gaymes toward the ULP’s candidate in Central Leeward.

The judge said that “not surprisingly” Gaymes did not attend the hearing to give evidence and no explanation was proffered on his behalf.

“Further comments about Mr. Gaymes are contained in the judgement,” Justice John said, adding that as previous cases have shown, mistakes have been made in almost all elections.

He added that “it is necessary for the court to determine whether such mistakes were wilfully or erroneously done.

“The critical question for the court’s determination are: Were the elections fair and free? Can it be said that the election was not conducted substantially in accordance with the law applicable to the election?

“And if the answer to ‘2’ is in the affirmative, that is to say, that the elections were conducted substantially in accordance with the law applicable to elections, does it appear to the court that the act or omissions by the returning officers and presiding officers were such that they have affected the final result?”

Justice John said that during the court trial, he paid close attention to the demeanour of the witnesses.

He said that the court had uppermost in its mind the legal authority that states that the major issue at state in an election petition is not the private right of the petitioner but the rights of the public.

“There should be free and fair elections held under conditions which could ensure the free expression of the opinion of the people,” he cited the authority as saying.

The ULP was declared winner of the elections by eight seats to the NDP’s seven, thereby securing a fourth consecutive term in office.